A glimpse of the hottest French science and Techno

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According to Ms. Dani è Le auffray, deputy mayor of Paris responsible for science and technology affairs, the French government has not promulgated the same national science and technology award regulations as China at the national level and issued the national highest science and Technology Award for reducing the emission of aluminum and lead compounds in waste water and exhaust gas by 2 tons/year. However, there are many kinds of scientific research awards set up by the relevant departments of the French government, national scientific research institutions, non-governmental organizations or in the private name. Now the main awards are introduced as follows:

1 Award of the Ministry of higher education and research

in 2001, the French Ministry of higher education and research established the IR è ne Joliot Curie award, with the purpose of promoting the advancement of women in the field of science and technology in France and establishing a good professional image of outstanding and active women in the field of science and technology. The ministerial representative of the Ministry is responsible for the organization of the award. In 2004, in order to attract more professional women in scientific and technological circles to apply for election in public and private scientific research institutions, the French Ministry of higher education and research and the European aerospace defense company (EADS) Enterprise Foundation jointly awarded the award, because EADS group insisted on actively implementing an open and active policy to attract women to participate in scientific research in the field of aerospace research, and achieved good results. At present, they have jointly issued a campaign announcement on the candidates' self registration or recommendation of a third party (organizations, laboratories, associations, media, enterprises, non-governmental organizations, etc.) for the 2007 award. It is divided into four categories, one person in each category, and the amount of the prize is 10000 euros each

in addition, in 1999, the French Ministry of higher education and research set up a science and Technology Culture Award, which is divided into research award, author award, Creation Award, Exhibition Award and science and technology award, with the amount ranging from 15000 to 50000 francs. For example, the first prize in research is 50000 francs, and the winners are the five major medical ethics and public health laboratories in Paris; The science and technology award is 20000 francs, and the winner is Patrick lanoy of the French newspaper Le Figaro

according to the bulletin issued by the Ministry on October 3, 2001, the Descartes Huygens France Netherlands Science Prize in 2001 was awarded to Professor Tim de Zeeuw, a Dutch scientist, in the name of the French government, and Dr Bernard Meunier, the research director of the French scientific research center, in the name of the Dutch government, in recognition of their work and great contributions to the scientific cooperation between the two countries. In essence, the award was founded by the Ministry of foreign affairs, the Ministry of research and the Ministry of education, culture and science of the Netherlands in 1995. It aims to commend a French researcher and a Dutch researcher for their positive contributions to the development of scientific cooperation between the two countries. Each winner can receive up to 228.67 million euros (=150000 French francs or 50500 Dutch guilders), so that they can pay all kinds of expenses needed to work and stay in the other country for a short period of six months

2. Founded on October 19, 1939, CNRS is a scientific and technological public research institution, subordinate to the Ministry of higher education and research. It is the leading large-scale research institution in France and Europe. CNRS is mainly engaged in basic research and basic technology research. Its functions include: evaluating, carrying out or entrusting all basic research and basic technology research that are conducive to scientific progress and national economic, social and cultural development, accounting for about half of the total PP consumption of the whole vehicle; Promote the application and promotion of scientific research achievements; Develop scientific and technological information and promote the popularization and use of French; Support and conduct research training; Participate in the analysis and research of national and international scientific and Technological Development and its development trend

since the establishment of the gold medal in 1954, CNRS has annually selected all the work of scientific researchers, and awarded and encouraged individuals who have made special contributions to French research. The awards are divided into gold, silver and bronze awards. For example, the gold awards (medals and bonuses) from 2000 to 2006 were awarded to the personnel of the following disciplines:

Jacques Stern (information theory) in 2006

2005 Alain expect (Physics)

2004 Alain conne (Mathematics)

2003 Albert fert (Physics)

2002 ciaude Lorius and Jean jouzel (climatology)

2001 Maurice godelier (Anthropology)

Michel lazdunski (Biochemistry) in 2000

in addition, since 1992, CNRS has set up a crystal award, which is awarded to its outstanding engineers, technicians and administrators every year to reward them for their creative vitality, mastering skills and innovative spirit in their research work, and their contributions to knowledge progress and scientific discovery

3. The INSERM prize was established on September 19th, 1964. INSERM is a scientific and technological public research institution, subordinate to the Ministry of higher education and research and the Ministry of health. Its function is to promote basic research, basic medical research, clinical research and public health research, better understand and promote human health, promote knowledge dissemination and technology transfer, and promote the application and promotion of scientific research achievements in clinical, industrial and public health fields

since 2000, INSERM has held a grand award ceremony every year to commend scientists and scientific managers who have made significant contributions to medical scientific research. The five awards awarded each year are: one INSERM Medical Research Award, awarded to French scientific researchers who have made significant contributions in the fields of physiology, therapeutics and health medicine; One outstanding foreign scientist award is awarded to foreign scholars who have made special contributions in the field of international cooperation; One honorary award is given to scientists who have made major achievements in medical research; Three scientists' research awards are awarded to researchers, teachers researchers and clinicians who have made special contributions in the fields of basic research, clinical research and therapeutics in public health; Three innovation awards were awarded to outstanding engineering researchers, technicians and scientific research project managers

on the evening of October 17, 2006, INSERM grandly held the 2006 annual award ceremony at the College of France, with about 500 guests from France and foreign countries

4. The French Academy of Sciences Award

the French Academy of Sciences was founded in 1666 and is one of the five colleges of the French Academy. It is its important function to provide advice and suggestions for the decision-making of government departments. In addition, it is also responsible for the evaluation and issuance of relevant awards, the organization of domestic and foreign academic conferences, the regular publication of publications, etc. Faculties de France plays an important role in French scientific and technological circles

various awards of faculties of sciences are awarded to French or foreign researchers who have performed outstanding in the field of basic research, compressive strength softening coefficient research or applied research. Among them, the most prestigious honorary title is the "Scientific Committee Medal". Established in 1997, this award focuses on 122 funds subordinate to the French Academy of Sciences and the French Baccalaureate (the highest academic institution in France, which includes five colleges: the French Academy of Arts, the Faculty of liberal arts and literature, the French Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of ethics and Politics), and is awarded annually in turn in its subordinate disciplines: mathematics, physics, mechanics and information science, cosmic science, chemistry Applied Sciences in cell and molecular biology, genomics, integrated biology, human biology and medical science, and industry. The winners should be French or foreign scholars who have made contributions to scientific development in a decisive way, both in terms of personal research originality and international influence. For example, Mr. Tomas hokfelt won the award in 2007. He is a professor of histology and cell biology at the Karolinska Institute de Stockholm and a world-famous neurobiologist. As a pioneer in brain histochemistry, especially in neuropeptide research, he has made great contributions to understanding the problem of nerve impulse transmission in pain and depression. While revealing that there are several nerve impulse transmission media coexisting on the same neuron, he completely changed our understanding of synaptic transmission in the brain. His research work has brought breakthroughs to the development of new neuropeptide drugs

in addition, the French Academy of Sciences also has more than 20 awards and more than 50 theme awards. They are based on the name of the person and the research institution. The names of relevant units or foundations are selected once a year, such as: Mathematics award, French Atomic Energy Commission Award, French gas company award, French Biomedical Research Foundation Award. It is worth noting that the above awards are accompanied by various awards of equal amounts, such as the Ivan peych6s award, which was established in 1978 and became the theme award in 2001. The amount of the award is 7600 euros, which mainly rewards the invention and creation in the research and application of non-metallic materials, especially glass materials or solar energy. If there is no such situation, other people who have made contributions in the field of applied science can also be rewarded. The Michel gouilloud Schlumberger award was established in 2001 by Mr. Schlumberger for the permanent preservation of Michel gouilloud's papers and works. It mainly rewards a young scholar or engineer under the age of 40 who has completed inventions of great significance in the field of geology or geophysics before the age of 35. The winner must have the originality of the basic theory, and open up new research approaches based on this theory, and this research has practical value and application prospects. The prize money is 7630 euros

according to statistics, the French Academy of Sciences awarded 78 different above-mentioned awards including gold awards in 2006. In addition, the French Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of sciences have jointly set up a biomedical award of US $50000

5. Journal of Research Award

in January 2004, the famous French Journal of research initiated the establishment of the first "Journal of Research Award", which is divided into three topics: environment, (Physics) mobility and human health, and an award in the name of the French Ministry of Higher Education and research. The amount of each bonus is 10000 euros. The award aims to support, encourage and publicize the practices of these excellent enterprises and promote outstanding work in basic research or applied research. The scope of participation in the award can involve French speaking countries, French speaking researchers or collaborators with French speaking research institutions, but regardless of the nature of their institutions, that is, public, private, academic, etc. can apply. Results there were 487 applicants and 56 teams, involving 28 countries on 5 continents

6. Exhibition Award

now take the Paris International Invention Exhibition as an example: the French Association of inventors and manufacturers holds an exhibition every spring. The exhibition was founded on December 8, 1901, and its purpose is: to promote invention; Support and protect the rights and interests of inventors; Helping and supporting inventors in enterprises and official organizations; Centrally display and publicize invention and creation projects; Give guidance and suggestions to inventors before and after invention activities; Publish the inventors' inventions in the Repin competition/the official publication of the French Association of inventors and manufacturers, the Journal of invention

through the exhibition, it can also be realized: further strengthen the connection between inventors and manufacturers; Let people know the inventor's invention and develop patents; The inventor foresees his own achievements and predicts the market of his invention after commercialization; The inventor personally sells his products on the booth; Inventors can win awards at different levels of the "Repin competition" through the evaluation of their invention projects by the evaluation committee

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