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Alternative interpretation of photovoltaic "double anti": the global energy status has changed

in the future, the cooperation between emerging countries represented by China and developed countries in renewable energy and new energy development technology will become an important driving force to solve the differences in the game of coping with climate change among countries in the world. In recent years, the global response to climate change has become an international focus. The aggravation of this problem has promoted the change of the relative position of western developed countries, emerging countries and traditional energy producers in the global energy pattern. At the same time, this change also affects the basic attitudes and actions of the three major groups in the international negotiations to deal with global climate change Governance, and the two show an interactive relationship

as an emerging country, China needs to make a trade-off and balance between short-term economic development and long-term sustainable development. Strengthening the coordination of climate policies among emerging countries and cooperating with western countries in new energy technology, capital and other aspects is a good medicine to alleviate the plight

in the future, the cooperation between emerging countries represented by China and developed countries in renewable energy and new energy development technology will become an important driving force to solve the differences in the game of coping with climate change among countries in the world

according to media reports, the draft of China's climate change response law has been officially formed recently. This consumer may be able to virtually connect their smart appliances, which is China's first formal law on the theme of climate change, aimed at controlling and reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable development

in view of the relevant policies, laws and regulations on climate change that have been issued by major countries in the world, including China, Li Junfeng, director of the National Center for strategic research and international cooperation on climate change and who has organized and presided over the research and drafting of China's energy legislation for many times, believes that after many discussions and negotiations at the United Nations climate conference, countries around the world have gradually reached a consensus on climate change. It is the agreement and gradual implementation of these consensus that have promoted the energy revolution taking place on a global scale, and then triggered major changes in the global energy governance pattern

consensus on coping with climate change the driving force of the energy revolution

climate change is a global problem. Li Junfeng pointed out that the increasingly prominent negative impact of climate change has made this issue an international focus. Although countries around the world have different interest demands in international cooperation to cope with climate change, resulting in delays in reaching a consensus on global mechanisms, financial arrangements and technology transfer, in recent years, major countries and regions in the world have taken the same steps in the adjustment of energy production and consumption structures, as well as bilateral or multilateral cooperation between countries (regions), which has greatly accelerated the pace of global response to climate change, To a certain extent, it will change the relative position of western developed countries, emerging countries and traditional energy producing countries in the existing global energy pattern

in June this year, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced a clean energy spray free material plan, requiring that the carbon dioxide emissions of U.S. power plants be reduced by 30% from 2005 emissions by 2030. Although this new deal has caused strong dissatisfaction from many business owners and coal-fired power plants in the United States, the continuous high production of natural gas and the ultra-low domestic gas price brought about by the shale gas revolution have given the U.S. government enough gas to replace coal-fired power plants with more natural gas power plants. Data show that in the 10 years from 2004 to 2013, the proportion of coal-fired power in U.S. electricity fell from 50% to 40%, while natural gas increased by 9 percentage points to 27%; The proportion of renewable energy quadrupled to 6.2%

the United States has always been superior to domestic law over international law. Although the United States has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol, which has greatly reduced its legal effect, many domestic measures to deal with climate change in the United States are enough to increase the confidence of the United States on the issue of climate change. Li Junfeng said

China has also made a lot of efforts in dealing with climate change. As early as on the eve of the opening of the Copenhagen climate conference in 2009, China promised the world that by 2020, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP will be reduced by 40% to 45% compared with 2005, and non fossil energy will account for 15% of primary energy consumption. On August 6, 2012, China's 12th Five Year Plan for renewable energy development and four special plans for hydropower, wind power, solar energy and biomass energy were officially released, and China's renewable energy entered a new stage of great strides in development

new energy trade frictions pay tuition fees for energy governance

the rapid development of China's renewable energy has certainly won the praise and applause of all countries in the world, but trade frictions between China and the United States, the European Union and other western developed countries and regions in renewable energy industries such as wind power and photovoltaic are also increasingly frequent. In view of this situation, Li Junfeng believes that this actually reflects that China's global energy governance is not yet mature, and there are still many places to learn from developed countries in Europe and the United States. p>

we need to understand the rules, be familiar with the rules, and abide by the rules. Li Junfeng further explained that there is no right or wrong in the fight for national interests. The government of any country serves its own interests and its responsibility is to protect its own weak. In this sense, the United States has repeatedly carried out anti-dumping and countervailing investigations and imposed high tariffs on Chinese photovoltaic products. Although this behavior is unfair to Chinese enterprises, it also has high conductivity to a large extent, ensuring the survival and development space of domestic photovoltaic enterprises in the United States

in contrast, taking the automobile industry as an example, China is the world's largest automobile production and consumption country, but it is not the world's largest automobile power. The reason is that we have opened up the automobile market on a large scale, so that the first-line brands of Germany, the United States, Japan and other automobile powers can enter China and seize the living space of local enterprises. To a certain extent, while opening to the outside world, the Chinese government did not provide necessary protection and assistance to local enterprises, so that China's automobile market has been monopolized by foreign brands for a long time. China's neglect of weak industries and the development idea of supporting the excellent and the strong are not conducive to the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, and inhibit many small and medium-sized enterprises with great development potential. Li Junfeng said

it can be seen from the observation that in the field of new energy, Chinese industries that have been investigated by western developed countries for many times are basically industries that have been supported by national policies for a long time. In this regard, we should keep the alarm bell ringing, be aware of the irrationality of the long-term implementation of the strategy of supporting the excellent and the strong, learn lessons, adjust development strategies and strategies in time, and use more preferential policies to support excellent small and medium-sized enterprises that need protection and support

Li Junfeng stressed: sailing against the current, you will fall back if you don't advance, but in terms of global energy governance, you often need to follow the trend

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